Notes to Hasdai Crescas Rabbi Josef Ibn Shem Tov, the Hebrew translator, says that Crescas wrote another polemical book in Catalan based on quotations . Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas, (born , Barcelona?—died , Saragossa, Spain), Spanish philosopher, Talmudic scholar, and critic of the Aristotelian. Hasdai Crescas was a Spanish Jewish philosopher who lived from In The Jewish Religion, Rabbi Louis Jacobs described Crescas as “one of the.

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In Aristotle’s opinion, the infinite does not exist in practice but only in potential like the infinite potential division of a fixed distance and the infinite number of people living throughout history in an eternal world.

It is the reason why the Torah and particularly the commandments that are integral to it are the best way to attain spiritual reward after death. In spite of this, Averroes as Crescas understand his view claims that no individual immortal existence is possible after death all the knowledge of all people returns to its source in the active intellect.

Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation.

The creation of the world The survival of the soul after death Reward and Punishment as per degree of conformity to the divine commandments Resurrection The eternity of the Torah The prophetic stature of Moses The Urim and Tumim a mystical cresdas of the High Priest through which he could ask God questions The Messiah There are three specific obligatory beliefs related to special religious obligations: Despite this fact, his philosophical opinions influenced occidental philosophy, especially through their adoption by two important authors: Ofir gives a list of fourteen important rabbis.

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Ḥasdai ben Abraham Crescas

Crescas also addresses the question of the obligation of various beliefs. We have to note that Crescas’s explanation is only a development of Aristotle’s response to Zeno’s paradox of the distance between two points.


New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. It is important to note too that Crescas defines the will of man as an accord between the attractive force and the imagination — two forces that are common to humans and beasts.

Linked bibliography for the SEP article “Hasdai Crescas” by Shalom Sadik – PhilPapers

Reception and influence We can distinguish between the influence of Crescas on Jewish philosophy and his influence on general occidental philosophy. But upon closer analysis, if we take in to account all of the causes that influence his will, we reach the conclusion that these causes determine his will to choose only one of the two options.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Harvey critiques this position of Ravitzky and said that it is no probable that Crescas, as a Jewish philosopher, know the difficult Latin works of Dun Scott before the Hebrew book of the very knows apostate Abner. The virginity of Maria.

According to this interpretation, the inner will of humans is under their control, but the regular will that decides their actions is the conclusion of a deterministic psychological process. Ultimately, however, and in spite of all the aforementioned factors, the influence of Crescas on Jewish thought is palpable. The original aim of Crescas’s project was to counter the two major works of Maimonides by writing: In the Crown of Aragon, the King and Queen tried to save the Jews and to prevent the pogrom, but they were successful only in Aragon, whereas the communities of Valencia, Catalonia and the Baleares Island were destroyed.

Frank and Oliver Leaman eds. These kinds of critiques were very popular in the Renaissance and at the beginning of the modern period. On this proof in Avicenna, see Davidsonpp. Therefore, in these chapters he wants to tell us, indeed reassure us, that an externally forced man doesn’t have any punishment for his sin it is for certain that he is speaking to and about the Jews that were forcibly converted in In God, the Absolutely Good, they merge into unity.


Back in the fifth chapter, Crescas had described punishment as a natural consequence of sin.

He apologizes for not translating this book and explains that there exist other books in this style. God’s ceescas is not only infinite in time, but also in intensity.

Crescas accepts the existence of the second category and draws the conclusion that in such cases we can add something to an infinite.

He argues against Maimonides that divine attributes do not imply multiplicity or composition in God. In this life the soul is intently striving after union with the divine; obedience to crescass laws of the Torah helps to realize this union.

Hasdai Crescas – Wikidata

His works on Jewish law, if indeed ever committed to writing — have not reached us. Thank You for Your Contribution!

Another important Jewish philosopher of the medieval period was Moses Maimonides Pico della Mirandola and Spinoza. Crescas devotes an important portion of the sixth part of the second essay to the question of the soul’s essence.

For a long time, Crescas exercised a perceptible influence among Jews only through his pupil, Joseph Albothough he was studied by Don Isaac Abravanel who controverts especially his Messianic theoriesand by Abram Hasvai in his Neveh Shalom.

According to this crescss Crescas thinks that the use of will and choice are the criteria for retribution but are not free at all.